Fine Art Painting: History, Mediums, Genres

Add to Wishlist Install Oil painting is the process of painting with pigments that are bound with a medium of drying oil. Commonly used drying oils include linseed oil, poppyseed oil, walnut oil, and safflower oil. The oil may be boiled with a resin, such as pine resin or frankincense to create a varnish; often prized for its body and gloss. Different oils confer various properties to the oil paint, such as less yellowing or different drying times. Certain differences are also visible in the sheen of the paints depending on the oil. An artist might use several different oils in the same painting depending on specific pigments and effects desired.

Glossary of Art Terms, J

Object Lessons is sponsored by the Chipstone Foundation. On April 3, , the merchant vessel Connecticut arrived in Philadelphia after a year in Canton, then the sole port of foreign trade in China. Sword, a veteran merchant seaman returning from his second Canton run. At the height of the Canton Trade, an American ship captain commissioned Chinese artists to copy portraits of George Washington onto glass.

His fragile imports sparked an Philadelphia court case concerning copyright infringement.

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Winnipeg, MB, Ships to: This auction is for the stunning original antique oil on canvas painting, dating around early s. The painting was made by Julius Theodor Unger, registered artist from Netherlands. The artist depicted a charming farmers house by the river with a pile of hay by the road. A windmill, Cathedral and some houses can be seen on the other side of the river. Clear blue and green hues create a cheerful impression. The painting is in original elegant ornate frame, ready to be displayed.

The oil painting is as seen in the photos.

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He spent the majority of his life in England making frequent trips to the Netherlands and was well regarded in both countries. In England he painted extensively in Dorking, Surrey and Nottingham. He flourished as an artist between and during which time he gained renown and participated in numerous exhibitions at the Royal Academy and the Royal Society of British Artists. During his lifetime he showed twenty four works at the Royal Academy as well as fifteen time at the annual exhibition of the Royal Society of British Artists.

Hulk lived for many years in Nottingham where he died in

Oil on canvas, signed lower right. Painting size x in. ( x cm) Housed in the original frame, size x in. (56 x 46 cm) The very early datable work is .

Thomography Thanks to thermoluminescence, it is possible to differentiate authentic excavated items from recently manufactured fakes with reasonable accuracy. How do you know when a work of art was painted? Unfortunately there are no affordable direct methods for dating pigments, except in some cases as we will see later. For instance, it is possible to date the wood support of a panel as well as canvas. The three most important dating techniques which are useful for the analysis of works of art are: TL-Thermoluminescence Thermoluminescence dating is used for pottery.

It dates items between the years , BP before present. Thermoluminescence dating is generally not very accurate. Create fake pottery that will pass the thermoluminescence test One way to pass a fake through a TL test is to expose the newly-made pottery to a high dose of artificial radiation sources, thus fooling the measurement instruments. However, producing fakes with this method calls for expertise on the subject, as well as expensive instruments.

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Chen Hongshou — , Leaf album painting Ming Dynasty Pigment Colours – Classification Color and tone[ edit ] Color , made up of hue , saturation , and value , dispersed over a surface is the essence of painting, just as pitch and rhythm are the essence of music. Color is highly subjective, but has observable psychological effects, although these can differ from one culture to the next. Black is associated with mourning in the West, but in the East, white is. Some painters, theoreticians, writers and scientists, including Goethe , [3] Kandinsky , [4] and Newton , [5] have written their own color theory.

Moreover, the use of language is only an abstraction for a color equivalent. The word ” red “, for example, can cover a wide range of variations from the pure red of the visible spectrum of light. For a painter, color is not simply divided into basic primary and derived complementary or mixed colors like red, blue, green, brown, etc.

Painters deal practically with pigments , [6] so ” blue ” for a painter can be any of the blues: Psychological and symbolical meanings of color are not, strictly speaking, means of painting. Colors only add to the potential, derived context of meanings, and because of this, the perception of a painting is highly subjective. The analogy with music is quite clear—sound in music like a C note is analogous to “light” in painting, “shades” to dynamics , and “coloration” is to painting as the specific timbre of musical instruments is to music.

These elements do not necessarily form a melody in music of themselves; rather, they can add different contexts to it.


Double-nozzled terracotta oil lamp found in Samaria The following are the main external parts of a terra-cotta lamp: Shoulder Pouring hole The hole through which fuel is put inside the fuel chamber. The width ranges from 0. There may be single or multiple holes. Wick hole, and the nozzle.

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Many assumptions were made about the chemistry of the binders. Several fatty acids were identified by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. Unsaturated fatty acids Due to their degradation, the origin of the oils could not be determined. The oldest Mediterranean civilization, Greek, Roman or Egyptian have extensively used painting techniques based on mixtures of encaustic probably rich in bee wax , mineral pigments iron, copper, manganese oxides and tempera.

Vegetal oils, such as flax, walnut or poppyseed oil were known to ancient Egyptians, Greeks or Romans, but no precise indication of their use in painting may be found. Tempera is a fluid mixture of binder organic medium , water and volatile additives vegetal essential oils. Organic binders used by Italian artists were proteinaceous materials available from animal sources whole egg, animal glues or milk.

In Italy and Greece, olive oil was used to prepare pigment mixtures but the drying time was excessively long and tedious in the case of figures. This drawback led a German monk, Theophilus, in the 12th century to warn against paint recipes including olive oil Schoedula Diversarum Artium. It was reported that Aetius Amidenus, a medical writer in the 5th century, mentioned the use of a drying oil as a varnish on paintings.

Similarly, it seems that perilla oil was used in Japan in painting after addition of lead in the 8th century. In the 14th century, Cennino Cennini presented a painting procedure integrating tempera painting covered by light oily layers.


The portrait entitled Noli Me Tangere Don’t Touch Me was lying awkwardly on the ground where people were forced to step over it. One person even accidentally trod on the frame causing the canvas to be pierced by a piece of limestone. Yet after studying the painting over many years, Mr Hibberts began to suspect he had uncovered something quite special.

Hidden in the image were secret clues which suggested the painting was not only hundreds of years older, but could be a lost Raphael worth tens of millions. I didn’t think it would be worth much at all. I’m a realistic man.

Oil painting is the process of painting with pigments that are bound with a medium of drying oil, such as linseed oil, which was widely used in early modern Europe. Often the oil was boiled with a resin such as pine resin or even frankincense ; these were called ‘varnishes’ and were prized for their body and gloss.

The main difference between Oil Painting and Watercolor Painting is the fact that oil painting is a type of painting done with the use of oil paints, whereas watercolor painting is a type of painting done via use of watercolors. While there are many different types of painting techniques, oil painting and watercolor painting are two of the most commonly used techniques.

As their name suggests the main difference between them is the fact that oil painting is a type of painting done with the use of oil paints, whereas watercolor painting is a type of painting done via use of watercolors. Oil paints are a type of paints that utilize oil as their base, whereas water colors utilize water as their base. Oil paints also tend to be thicker and tend to have more pigment in them, as compared to water. However, this also depends on the quality of the paints in question.

Oil colors, on the other hand, were first used by Indian and Chinese painters between fifth and tenth centuries. Hence, they are a much newer medium than water colors. However, like water colors, they also came into popularity in the 15th century, where they were used by nearly every Renaissance painter, a move which cemented their place in history. The two different types of painting styles also utilize different painting techniques.

How Much Is My Old Painting Worth Research, Appraise, and Sell

Each style grows out of the styles that came before it. Every great artist adds to the accomplishments of earlier painters and influences later painters. We can enjoy a painting for its beauty alone.

Very fine quality Dutch Old Master oil painting on panel, dating to the early ‘s period. Depicting this young girl, dressed in typical ‘Golden Age’ attire of the period, engaged in either sewing or embroidery – note all the bobbins etc.

You’ll also be signed up to receive e-newsletters from Antique Trader and partners. Antique Trader Staff July 1, Q I am hoping your staff can give me some information on a painting I recently purchased at a sale. There is no signature on the painting itself, however there is a name on the side of the painting, as you can see by the enclosed photo. The painting itself is in great shape and I believe done by a good artist.

I am not sure of the age of the painting. Any help you can give me as to age, origin and artist would be most appreciated. Submitted photo A When examining a painting, the back can often provide a great deal of information in determining age and authenticity. The stretcher construction is an important consideration in dating paintings although not an absolute as older paintings are sometimes placed on newer stretchers during restoration.

In square and rectangular paintings, the stretcher is composed of four wood bars stretcher bars over which the canvas is stretched then fastened. Sometimes there is a fifth bar in the center used to stabilize the stretcher.

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Upload one photo or more and commission. Oil painting is the process of painting with pigments with a medium of drying paintijg as the binder. Order custom-made, high-quality oil paintings at an affordable cost and quick worldwide delivery from Oil Painting Express.

Oil paint has been used since the 6th century AD, while acrylic paint only began to be sold in the early s. This painting has been produced using oils – Image: eBay So you can rule out paintings produced using acrylic as being from before this time, no matter what .

He is well known for his very colorful and vibrant work depicting women, animals, and flowers. Wallasse Ting was born on October 13, in Shanghai, China. There he studied for a short time at the Shanghai Art Institute. At the Institute he learned various Chinese art forms and water color. When he was seventeen he left Shanghai to live in Hong Kong for a brief period of time.

There he practiced creating water colours and sold them at a local bookstore. He arrived in France penniless and without any friends.

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